Ecosystem Modeling

The primary modeling services we provide is the development and application of decision-support tools towards the sustainable management of natural resources. The application of our models serves to guide resource managers in their efforts to maintain or enhance the ecological assets of natural ecosystems. Much of our work to date has focussed on evaluating alternative management strategies in the context of multiple-objective forestry at both the stand and landscape scales.

We have a number of scientifically credible modeling tools available to help project and evaluate the long-term implications of alternative forest management options for multiple forest values including ecosystem carbon storage and sequestration. Many of these tools have been developed over decades of research at the University of British Columbia. Find out more information on some of our most frequently used models below.

Spatial Scale



Projection and assessment alternative silviculture systems for multiple values including forest carbon management, development of stand structure and habitat suitability, long-term productivity, and climate change implications for forest growth (under development). Easily linked to landscape-scale models.



Simulates harvest scheduling activities at a forest operations scale. Accounts for protected areas and other operational factors associated with different landscapes and constraint sets. Projects landscape scale carbon contents in different ecosystem components when linked with FORECAST.



The Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector is an operational-scale modeling framework for stand- and landscape-level forest ecosystem carbon accounting. It can be used to create, simulate and compare various forest management scenarios in order to assess impacts on carbon. It is compliant with requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and with the Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (2003) report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Stand to Landscape-level


Projection and evaluation of variable retention management and salvage systems for multiple values (including ecosystem carbon), 3D visualization of cutblock design, development and evaluation of wildlife habitat indices.


Watershed scale

Simulation of the effects of forest management on stand hydrology, representation of competition for soil water, calculation of water stress for different canopy species.




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